Author Guidelines

As a fully open access journal, ECORESJ ensures that your paper will be freely accessible to a global audience, anytime and anywhere.

ECORESJ publishes two types of manuscripts:

Original Research Article (6000-7000 words, excluding references)

A full-length original empirical research mainly following this order: introduction, methods, results and discussion, conclusions, and references. Accurate description of the research and objective, as well as comprehensive discussion of the results are highly encouraged.

Review Article (7000-9000 words, excluding references)

A comprehensive and critical literature review (including organizing, integrating, and evaluating) of the latest published research, meta-analysis, and systematic reviews are highly encouraged.

All manuscripts submitted to this journal must be written in clear and concise English. Author(s) for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their manuscripts checked for grammar and clarity in a professional English Editing Service before submission. Authors are recommended to use the following professional English Editing Services.

Please note that the submitted work must be original and not published or currently under review for publication elsewhere.

Authors are expected to fill the Author(s) Self-Judgment Checklist before submission. This to ensure the manuscript follows the guideline and has completed all aspects referred within the guideline.

General Author Guidelines

All manuscripts must be submitted to ECORESJ Editorial Office using Online Submission Service at the following URL address: Authors must first register for an account using the “Author” role. If you encounter any problems with the online submission, please contact the Editorial Office at the following email: for assistance.

The following documents must accompany the manuscripts submitted through the online submission interface (please upload them in the Supplementary Files section):

Cover Letter and Justification of Publication

Authors are required to submit a Cover Letter confirming that all listed authors agree to the content and publication of the submitted manuscript and that the manuscript is original and not being considered for publication by another journal.

A separate paragraph within the Cover Letter, consisting of one to two paragraphs, that justifies the publication in the journal is also required. The justification should explain what new discovery, interpretation, understanding, concepts, or catalytic system is presented in the manuscript, as well as how the content fits within the scope of the journal. Note that it is essential to describe how the content of the new submission differs significantly from existing literature information and its relevance to catalysis. This section plays an important role in the editor's decision of whether or not the manuscript will be sent out for peer review. The Microsoft Word File template for this Cover Letter can be downloaded here: [download template Cover Letter here].

Manuscript Template

The manuscript should be prepared according to the following Author Guidelines. The template for submission is a Microsoft Word document (doc, docx) format, which can be downloaded here: ECORESJ MS Word Template 2024 (docx).

Reviewing Process of Manuscripts

Every submitted paper is independently reviewed (see Peer-Review Process Policy) by at least two peer-reviewers. Authors may suggest up to three peer-reviewers when submitting the manuscript. The decision for publication, amendment, rejection, as well as assigning peer-reviewers are made solely by Editor(s) based on their evaluation and reviewer recommendations.

However, if Editor(s) or Reviewers consider a manuscript unsuitable for publication in this journal, a statement explaining the basis for the decision will be sent to the authors following the pre-evaluation step.

Revision of Manuscripts

Manuscripts sent back to the authors after revision should be returned to the Editorial Office without delay according to the given deadline.

The revised manuscript should be uploaded to the Online Submission Interface ( in the "Upload Author Version" function within the Author window's Review task window.

The revised document files should include three files:

One (1) file of "Revision Notes / Response to Reviewers Comments file in a table form" with respect to Reviewers comments including the location of the revision on the revised manuscript. The Microsoft Word File template for this Revision Note / Response to Reviewers Comments can be downloaded here: [download template table of revision note here].

One (1) file of "Revised Manuscript file" according to the template-based format (Microsoft Word file) (please highlight all revisions using yellow text color).

Guideline for Online Submission

Authors must first register for an account using the “Author” role through the following website:

Authors are required to complete the registration form as thoroughly as possible, ensuring all fields marked with an asterisk (*) are filled in. Once all form text boxes are filled, click the “Register” button to proceed with the registration. This will bring you to the online author submission interface. Here, click on “Make New Submission” to begin the submission process. The four-step process for online submission are listed below:

  1. Step 1 – Start: The author must acknowledge the points in the Submission Requirements section and also provide a Comment for the Editor. In this initial section, the author should check the acknowledgement box as the corresponding author and the box confirming that they have read and agreed to the Privacy Statement.
  2. Step 2 – Upload Submission: To upload a manuscript in Microsoft Word file to this journal (do not upload as PDF file or other formats), click “Upload File” on the Upload submission file item and choose your manuscript document (.docx), then click the "Upload" button and wait until the file has been uploaded successfully. After uploading the file, select the file type, which can be an article text, similarity report, research instrument, research materials, research results, transcripts, data analysis, data set, source text, or other options to describe the type of supplementary file that does not fall under the previous categories.
  3. Step 3 – Enter Metadata: In this step, Authors’ metadata should be entered including to the marked corresponding author. NOTE: all of the Authors’ data must be entered here, not only the corresponding author. After that, the manuscript title and abstract must be uploaded by copying the text and pasting it into the textbox. The author must also include a list of keywords, supporting agencies, and a reference list.
  4. Step 4 – Confirmation: The author must review the final manuscript document uploaded in this step. To submit the manuscript to the ECORESJ journal, click the “Final Submission” button after verifying the document's correctness. The corresponding author or primary contact will receive an acknowledgment email of submission and will be able to track the submission progress through the editorial process by logging into the journal's website.

After this submission, the Author who submitted the manuscript will get a confirmation email about the submission automatically. Therefore, Authors are able to track their submission status at any time by logging in to the online submission interface. The submission tracking includes a status of manuscript review and editorial process.

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

General Organization of the Paper

The paper will be published in ECORESJ journal after the peer-reviewed process and a final decision of "Accepted" article was made by the Editor(s). The final paper layout will be produced by the Editorial Office of ECORESJ journal. The final paper layout in PDF type, known as “Uncorrected Proof”, should be corrected through the proofreading by Authors.

Please include the Cover Letter in a separate document file containing your summary of scientific findings and upload it in "Upload Submission”.

Section Headings

Three levels of heading are allowed as follows:

  • Level 1 (Heading1 format) - 16pt, Cambria, Bold, Sentence Case, left-justified
  • Level 2 (Heading2 format) - 12pt, Cambria, Capitalized Each Word, Number alignment (start form 1.), Bold, left-justified
  • Level 3 (Heading3 format) - 11pt, Cambria, Sentence case, Number alignment (start form 1.1, or 2.1, or 3.1, etc.), italic, left-justified

Body Text

The body of the text is a set of body text paragraphs formatted as follows:

  • 11pt Calibri
  • One-half space, defined as 11pt
  • Spacing after the heading is 12pt
  • Spacing before the new heading is 24pt
  • Indentation for the first line in the first paragraph is 0 cm. For the second paragraph onward, use an indentation of 0.75 cm.


Bullet points and numbering within body text are not allowed. All sentences should be typed as descriptive paragraphs.


Tables should be numbered sequentially with the table title and number positioned above the table, left-aligned. Use a single space before and after the table name or source. Table elements should be single-spaced, but double spacing can be used to show data grouping or to separate sections within the table. Table titles and contents should be in 10pt font size and not bolded. Tables in the text are referenced with the table number (e.g., Table 1). The table title and column titles should appear on a single line above the table body.


Figures should be sequentially numbered starting from number 1 with figure title and number placed below the figure, as shown in Figure 1. Here are the detailed recommendations for figures:

  1. Ensure that the figure is clear and readable with typed text.
  2. Black and white or color figures are allowed.
  3. Hard copy illustrations should preferably be scanned and included in the electronic submission in the appropriate format as follows:
  4. BMP - Microsoft Bitmap File
  5. WMF - Windows Metafile Format
  6. EPS - Encapsulated PostScript
  7. The following files are allowed:
  8. Microsoft Graphics
  9. Microsoft Draw

Chart layout

If you are using a chart layout, complete the description of the primary horizontal axis title and the primary vertical axis title, and show the major percentages on the chart.


The submitted research location map must be presented clearly according to the following guidelines:

  1. Maps of the region or country map must be connected to the current map in full color.
  2. Google Maps or satellites are not accepted.
  3. Add separate cardinal directions as well as a separate scale logo.
  4. No need to display latitude and longitude.


Equations should be numbered sequentially within parentheses as shown in Eq.1. The equation should be prepared using MS Equation Editor (not in image format). In cases where the derivation of formulae has been abbreviated, it is of great help to the reviewers if the full derivation can be presented on a separate sheet (not to be published). Formulae should be centered and numbered. In this case, the number will appear in the right margin.

Unit, Abbreviations, and Symbols

Metric units are preferred and should be consistent throughout body text. Define abbreviations and symbols for the first time as they are introduced in the text.

Manuscript Heading, Font, and Spacing

The manuscript should be typed using word processors (Microsoft Word) software. The font used throughout the paper is Calibri. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm) with a one-column format using the following margins: 2 cm top, 2.5 cm bottom, 3 cm left, and 3 cm right. Lines are single spaced, justified. Page numbers should be included in the upper right corner of each page.

Manuscript submitted to this journal should follow the headings below, except for the review article: Title; Author(s) Name; Author(s) Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; Author Contribution; Funding; Ethical Review Board Statement; Informed Consent Statement; Data Availability Statement; Conflict of Interest; Open Access; and References.

Paper Title

This is your opportunity to attract the reader’s attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper within the title. Begin with the subject or highlight the idea of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not use infrequently-used abbreviations.

The title of the paper should be in 16 pt Bold Cambria and left aligned. The title should have 0 pts space above and 12 pts below.

Authors Name and Affiliations

Include the full names of all authors using Cambria 11p, Uppercase, Bold. After listing all authors' names, include their respective affiliations using Cambria 10p, Capitalize Each Word, Italics. Author affiliations include: Department aa, Faculty bbb, University cccc;, City ddddd, Province eeeeee, Postal Code ffffff, Country ggggggg. Link authors and affiliations using superscript lowercase letters.

Abstract and Keywords

The abstract for this journal is written in a single paragraph with a concise manner. References in abstract must be avoided. Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should also be avoided, unless deemed necessary. In this case, the abbreviations must be defined at their first mention within the abstract. The abstract must consist of background, methods, finding, and conclusion.

Keywords are the terms researchers use to locate articles in indexes and databases. They consist of a maximum of five words, arranged alphabetically and separated by a semicolon. Each word or phrase in the keywords should be separated by a semicolon (;), not a comma (,).


Provide an adequate background and context of the problems based on the literature review. State the objectives of the study and emphasize the originality (state of the art). The first part should contain a broader context, followed by more specific issues that become the study's focus. There is no theoretical background (literature review) section in this manuscript. However, authors must input the theoretical background in the Introduction Section. The theoretical background section establishes the foundation for your research. It presents relevant studies and theories that are directly connected to the research context. The theory can be informed through scientific articles, articles in journals, textbooks, or other respected sources of scientific writing. This theory will be used to provide the state of the art of your manuscript from research problems that have been proposed. After the theories are mentioned and discussed, you need to form a problem that demonstrates why this manuscript is important and existing gaps. You must write the purpose of the manuscript, which should be presented in a narrative using effective sentences. The formulation of the hypotheses should be based on the theoretical review and, as far as possible, be expressed in terms of one-tailed direction.


This section describes the overall research methods used in the research process. Provide sufficient detailed methods that allow the work to be reproduced. Established methods should be indicated by a reference; only relevant modifications should be described. Author should include the reason behind the decision of location and time of the research. It should be in line with the ontological and epistemological aspects of the research. For the research location, authors may add a map of the research area as long as it follows the cartographical standard. Avoid using third-party maps. See the example of the research location map in map example.

The method must clearly describe the materials used in the study, the population and sample or key informant, research variables, data sources, the general procedures and techniques, the data collection technique, the analysis method, and data presentation. For research using experiments, the method should also include the design or the setup of the research. For article review, authors should also describe the theoretical components. For qualitative method, authors may include the methods in data condensation (for example, coding system), data display (how the data is presented which allow for drawing conclusion), and conclusion drawing. For quantitative method, authors may include the methods in sampling, data collection, and data analysis.

Results and Discussion

Results and discussion section contains results obtained by the author during the research. The results of the research must be presented as a whole in advance, and can be followed by the process of discussion. Results and discussion of your manuscript must also be interconnected with the theory that you used. The discussion is presented systematically from general, then leads to the specific. Presentation of the research can be done with the help of tables, drawings/graphs, maps/plans, and schemes.

Results must be clear and concise. Discussion must explore the significance of the results. Adequate discussion or comparison of the current results to the previous similar articles is recommended to show the present research's positioning (if available).


This section presents the main conclusions of the study. It should be presented in concise, clear, and compact sentences based on the results and discussions; in the form of paragraphs (not with bullet points or numbering); clarify the findings of the study as a synthesis of the results of the data analysis and discussion; and highlight original findings that contribute to the development of science. The main conclusion of the study may be presented in a short conclusions section, which may stand alone. The conclusion should not repeat the results; instead, provide significant findings, contribution of the study, and the issue of this aim and scope towards this journal.


Acknowledgments are inserted at the end of the manuscript after the conclusion section. Individuals who assisted with the research should be listed here (e.g., providing language assistance, writing assistance, proofreading articles, etc.).

Author Contributions or CRediT Author Statement

CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy) was introduced with the intention of recognizing individual author contributions, reducing authorship disputes, and facilitating collaboration.

For each article with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided in the Title Page.

CRediT statements should be provided during the submission process and will appear above the acknowledgement section of the published paper as shown below:

Conceptualization : Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.

Methodology : Development or design of methodology; creation of models

Software : Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.

Validation : Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.

Formal analysis : Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.

Investigation : Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.

Resources : Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.

Data Curation : Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse.

Writing - Original Draft : Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).

Writing - Review & Editing : Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.

Visualization : Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/ data presentation.

Supervision : Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.

Project administration : Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.

Funding acquisition : Acquisition of financial support for the project leading to this publication.

Example CRediT Author Statement:

Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; Methodology, X.X.; Software, X.X.; Validation, X.X., Y.Y. and Z.Z.; Formal Analysis, X.X.; Investigation, X.X.; Resources, X.X.; Data Curation, X.X.; Writing – Original Draft Preparation, X.X.; Writing – Review & Editing, X.X.; Visualization, X.X.; Supervision, X.X.; Project Administration, X.X.; and Funding Acquisition, Y.Y.

Please turn to the CRediT taxonomy ( for an explanation of the term and background of the CRediT.


Please add: “This research received no external funding” OR “THE NAME OF FUNDER funded this research, grant number XXX” OR “XXX funded the APC.” Check carefully that the details are accurate, including the use of the standard spelling of funding agency names and the formal grant number.

Ethical Review Board Statement

In this section, authors should add the Institutional Review Board Statement and its approval number if relevant to the study. Authors might exclude this statement if the study did not require ethical clearance. Please add, “The study was conducted in accordance with the NAME OF LAW and approved by the Institutional Review Board (or Ethics Committee) of NAME OF INSTITUTE (protocol code XXX and date of approval).” OR “Ethical review and approval were waived for this study due to REASON (please provide a detailed justification).” OR “Not applicable” for studies not involving humans or animals or not concerning public health and safety.

Informed Consent Statement

Any research article describing a study involving humans should contain this statement. Please add, “Informed consent was obtained from all subjects involved in the study.” OR “Informed consent was waived due to REASON (please provide a detailed justification).” OR “Not applicable.” for studies not involving humans (author might also exclude this statement if the study did not involve humans). Written informed consent for publication must be obtained from research participants who can be identified (including by the participant themselves). Please state, “Written informed consent has been obtained from the participant(s) to publish this paper,” if applicable.

Data Availability Statement

This journal encourages authors to share the research data underlying their published work. This section provides details on the location of data supporting your reported results, including links to publicly archived datasets analyzed or generated during the study. A statement is still required when no new data is created or unavailable due to privacy or ethical restrictions.

Conflicts of Interest

Declare conflicts of interest or state, “The author(s) declare no conflict of interest.” Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results. Any role of the funders in the design of the study; in the collection, analysis, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to publish the results must be declared in this section. If there is no role, please state, “The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analysis, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to publish the results”.

Citation and References

Manuscripts must include a list of references, which consists of only sources that are cited in the text. The accuracy and completeness of references and citations are the responsibility of the authors. Citation should be in the following style: (Julio, 2018), (Ahmed & Saleh, 2017), (Gretz et al., 2017), (Fowler et al., 2018a; Fowler et al., 2018b), (Joe et al., 2014; Dexler, 2016; Adams, 2018).

The reference list contains full details of all the references cited in the text of the article. It is recommended that they should be from the last 5-10 years and listed in alphabetical order following the American Psychological Association Referencing Style (7th Edition); refer to

  • References should be in APA style constructed with Mendeley. For more information, please check
  • References should be arranged in alphabetical order.
  • For the research article manuscript, the number of references should be more than 30 references.
  • For the review article manuscript, the reference should be a minimum of 50 references.
  • The references must have been published within the last 3-5 years unless it is still strongly relevant to the study and no recent publication covers the niche.
  • References from scientific articles must be published by reputable journal publishers (Scopus-indexed and WOS journals are preferred).
  • 80% of the references must be primary sources/journal articles. Only references related to the theme of the writing may be referred to, and all references cited in the manuscript should allow anyone to access it.
  • All listed references must be cited in the text and all in-text citations must be listed in the reference list.
  • DOI for each reference should be provided if available. The use of a DOI is highly recommended as it is guaranteed to never change, so you can use a permanent link to any electronic article.
  • Although authors are not obliged to, it is suggested that they use reference manager programs such as Mendeley or Zotero.
  • References (books, journal articles, online news, etc.) published in non-English Language, do not need to be translated into English
  • Authors are forbidden to cite any article that has been previously published in this journal.
  • Authors are forbidden to cite their article published in this journal or elsewhere unless it is still strongly relevant to the study and no recent publication covers the niche.

Journal Article 

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207-217.

Parenthetical citation: (Grady et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Grady et al. (2019)


Journal Article with an Article Number

Jerrentrup, A., Mueller, T., Glowalla, U., Herder, M., Henrichs, N., Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J. R. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of “Dr. House.” PLoS ONE, 13(3), Article e0193972.

Parenthetical citation: (Jerrentrup et al., 2018)

Narrative citation: Jerrentrup et al. (2018)


Journal Article with Missing Information

Missing Volume Number

Stegmeir, M. (2016). Climate change: New discipline practices promote college access. The Journal of College Admission, (231), 44-47.


Missing Issue Number

Sanchiz, M., Chevalier, A., & Amadieu, F. (2017). How do older and young adults start searching for information? Impact of age, domain knowledge and problem complexity on the different steps of information searching. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 67-78.


Missing Page or Article Number

Butler, J. (2017). Where access meets multimodality: The case of ASL music videos. Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy, 21, 1.

Parenthetical citation: (Butler, 2017; Sanchiz et al., 2017; Stegmeir, 2016)

Narrative citation: Butler (2017), Sanchiz et al. (2017), and Stegmeir (2016)


Newspaper Article References

Carey, B. (2019, March 22). Can we get better at forgetting? The New York Times.

Harlan, C. (2013, April 2). North Korea vows to restart shuttered nuclear reactor that can make bomb-grade plutonium. The Washington Post, A1, A4.

Stobbe, M. (2020, January 8). Cancer death rate in U.S. sees largest one-year drop ever. Chicago Tribune.

Parenthetical citation: (Carey, 2019; Harlan, 2013; Stobbe, 2020)

Narrative citation: Carey (2019), Harlan (2013), and Stobbe (2020)



McKibbin, B. (2007). Deep economy: The wealth of communities and the durable future. Times Book/Henry Hold and Co.


Chapter in an Edited Book

Pigg, K. E., & Bradshaw, T. K., (2003). Catalytic community development: A theory of practice for changing rural society. In D. L. Brown & L. E. Swanson (Eds.), Challenges for rural America in the twenty-first century (pp. 385-396). Pennsylvania State University Press.

Parenthetical citation: (McKibbin, 2008; Pigg & Bradshaw, 2003)

Narrative citation: McKibbin, 2008, and Pigg & Bradshaw, 2003


Conference Presentations and Proceeding

Conference Presentations

Evans, A. C., Jr., Garbarino, J., Bocanegra, E., Kinscherff, R. T., & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8–11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States.

Parenthetical citation: (Evans et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Evans et al. (2019)


Abstract of a Conference Presentation

Cacioppo, S. (2019, April 25–28). Evolutionary theory of social connections: Past, present, and future [Conference presentation abstract]. Ninety-ninth annual convention of the Western Psychological Association, Pasadena, CA, United States.

Parenthetical citation: (Cacioppo, 2019)

Narrative citation: Cacioppo (2019)


Conference Proceedings published in a Journal

Conference proceedings published in a journal follow the same format as journal articles

Duckworth, A. L., Quirk, A., Gallop, R., Hoyle, R. H., Kelly, D. R., & Matthews, M. D. (2019). Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 116(47), 23499–23504.

Parenthetical citation: (Duckworth et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Duckworth et al. (2019)


Conference Proceedings published as a whole Book

Conference proceedings published as a whole book follow the same reference format as whole edited books.

Kushilevitz, E., & Malkin, T. (Eds.). (2016). Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 9562. Theory of cryptography. Springer.

Parenthetical citation: (Kushilevitz & Malkin, 2016)

Narrative citation: Kushilevitz and Malkin (2016)


Conference Proceedings published as a Book Chapter

The format for conference proceedings published as an edited book chapter is the same as for edited book chapters.

Bedenel, A.-L., Jourdan, L., & Biernacki, C. (2019). Probability estimation by an adapted genetic algorithm in web insurance. In R. Battiti, M. Brunato, I. Kotsireas, & P. Pardalos (Eds.), Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 11353. Learning and intelligent optimization (pp 225-240). Springer.

Parenthetical citation: (Bedenel et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Bedenel et al. (2019)

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items. Submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submitted manuscript has not been published elsewhere and contains no materials of which would violate any copyright or other personal or proprietary right of any person or entity.
  2. The manuscript submission file should be in Microsoft Word file format. Do not submit a PDF format. Please adhere to the following template: Template Journal.
  3. The submitted manuscript must follow the Author Guidelines of this journal including the References.

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